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Means of Korean Traditional Design – 5

orchid : cute girl. Beauty. wall man. gentleman. hermit. clean, neat, go-go

The pond was also filled with magical powers and removed.
The clothes of Banya, which Mayago tore and blown away, were revived as a parasitic wind storm that caught on to a pine branch like a white thread.
– [The Virgin Mayago] From the tale

Orchids are picky. Even the slightest indifference tends to wither and die quickly. Also, why are you so stingy when it comes to blooming? If you don’t like it, it’s hard to see flower buds for several years.
Among the four gentlemen, bamboo symbolizes men, and orchids symbolize women, also noble and beautiful women.

Even in the Chinese book of Hui-nan (淮南子), it is written that orchids grown by men do not smell.
As such, the orchid has been considered a plant with a feminine rather than masculine character.
Perhaps because of their demanding personality, orchids have been considered to be enjoyed by the wealthy, usually. Therefore, it is true that the orchid pattern was often used as one of the four gentlemen representing the spirit of a gentleman rather than symbolizing a woman.
Mukrando (墨蘭圖), which has been loved throughout the Joseon Dynasty, is a representative example. Also, the meaning of Byeoksa is hidden in Mukrando.

Because the orchid leaf resembles the tail of a mantis that chases away pests and the tail of a rat with strong fertility, it was believed that the act of beating orchid had the effect of driving out evil and prospering the family.
In particular, in the case of an orchid called Son (蓀), which blooms purple flowers, the sound is the same as Son (孫), which means descendants, so it also signifies the prosperity of descendants.
The orchid pattern also appears in celadon and white porcelain, which flourished in the Goryeo and Joseon dynasties.

Folk painting-style orchids appear on hoecheong porcelain and yubyeong (油甁) made in the late Goryeo period, and various white porcelain and stationery items from the Joseon Dynasty are decorated with sophisticated yet simple orchid doors.
Meanwhile, at the end of the Joseon Dynasty, the act of beating the four gentlemen, including orchids, was considered to inspire anti-Japanese spirit.

 

magpie : auspicious. preceding. herald of love. boeun. prognosis. pleasure. trust. chatterbox. snob. Disaster (Western)

 

Let’s build a bridge in the Milky Way and reunite the weavers so that we can share the stories that we have experienced for a year.
Place a colored bridge in the middle of the Milky Way The black magpies have placed the Ojakgyo Bridge.
Baby, baby, baby, I like Tanabata a little.
– Lim Dong-kwon, from 「Korean Folk Songs」

A bird that moves around the trash cans in the city with pigeons, a bird that has been chased by KEPCO as the main culprit in a blackout accident. This is the current situation of Magpie, who moved many people by setting up Ojakgyo Bridge for her ex-lover.
It’s quite noisy when you hear a few chirping together, but if you look at the old saying, “It’s like a morning magpie” to someone who is particularly noisy, I think the magpie was noisy.
Although this is the case now, the magpie has long been recognized as auspicious by Koreans.
It was believed that if a magpie cries in the morning, welcome guests will come. It is also said that if the magpie cries on the eleventh day of the first month, the millet will ripen well, and if the magpie climbs up with water, the day will be clear.
There was also a belief that if you build a house under a tree with a magpie house, you will become rich.
And above all, the magpie has been regarded as the guardian deity of Eros in Korea and the East.

The magpie becomes a love knot, a messenger, and literally a bridge of love to the weavers and the weavers, who were forced to separate by the Jade Emperor, who had a strict mindset that ‘if you don’t work, don’t even love’.
As is well known, every year on the Tanabata, all but the sick magpie are mobilized to build bridges for the demise of two lazy lovers separated by the Milky Way.
If we speak astronomically, it means that it connects the rather long distance of 16 light years between the weaver star Vega and the cowherd star Altair (yellow page.3-4-3).
However, strangely, this tale is rarely expressed in paintings or crafts.

However, it can only be found in a mural painting of a tomb in Goguryeo, but a magpie is not depicted here.
Also, it was not widely used as a pattern like the phoenix or the crane. Maybe it was because the simple character of the magpie, who delivers the good news to the good people, did not go well with the colorful patterns. Instead, the magpie got the pretty name of Heejak (喜鵲).

In paintings from the late Joseon Dynasty, two magpies often appeared to symbolize Ssanghee (雙喜), but it was more common to appear with a tiger or a cat to represent ‘Bohee (報喜)’ and ‘Mohee (喜)’. .

‘Bohee’ means ‘repay with pleasure’ and originally symbolized by drawing ‘leopard and magpie’ together in China, but as it was transmitted to Korea, a tiger took the place of the leopard.
Also, ‘mohee’ means the joy of old age, and the pronunciation of ‘cat’s myo (猫)’ is similar to ‘mo ( )’, which refers to the age of 80 to 90 years old.

 

butterfly : Happiness. beauty. Spouse. The couple’s gold room. forecast. illegal. loneliness. windswept. resurrection. soul. Sun (Western)

 

“How did you know that peonies have no scent, and that there is a change in the frog’s cry?”
The king answered. “I drew flowers, but there were no butterflies, so I could tell that they had no scent.
This is the Tang king taunting me for not having a spouse.”
– From 「The History of the Three Kingdoms」 Volume 1 Kii 1 [Samsa History of King Seondeok]

At a time when even plausible spring flowers were difficult to find, looking at a butterfly sitting on a flower reminded us of the secret love of spring between a man and a woman is our eroticism.
So, referring to the heart of a man who can’t pass up a pretty woman as it is, he said, ‘Should a butterfly see a flower go over the fence’, and ‘Can a butterfly see a flower count the fire’ when a man and woman have deep affection for a man and woman and risk death.
The figure of a butterfly roaming freely in search of flowers was drawn, written, and embroidered as a symbol of joy.

Although there are various types, the tiger butterfly is by far the most prominent, because the tiger butterfly’s brilliance symbolizes a good omen.
It goes without saying that the pattern was complex and sophisticated to express the splendid wings of the tiger butterfly.
Befitting its original symbolism, the butterfly pattern was mainly used for decoration of places where men and women lived together, such as a couple’s quilts, furniture, furoshiki, and wedding clothes, or was widely used for wedding items.
In addition, the exquisitely crafted butterfly knot heightened the beauty and charm of women.

“Butterfly, let’s go to Cheongsan, tiger butterfly, let’s go too. When the road goes down, let’s go and sleep in the petals.
There is a folk song called
According to 「Dongguk Segi」, fans are made during the Dano in May, and there were many pictures of butterflies on the fans made by gisaengs and shamans.
When the petals treat you like a flower, you want to go to sleep even on the leaves. Would a gisaeng or a shaman have a different mind?
Also, it is the butterfly that does not fall into the Chochungdo (草蟲圖) that was popular in the Joseon Dynasty.

The butterfly painting, which was widely loved not only by the wives of high-ranking parents such as Shin Saimdang, but also by male scholars such as Nam Gye-woo and Shin Myung-yeon, carefully reveals the love between a man and a woman that remains unquenchable even in strict Confucian ethics.
On the other hand, butterflies were sometimes drawn together with vines such as melons, pumpkins, and peanuts. In this case, the vines, whose stems and roots constantly extend and bloom, signify the prosperity and rebirth of their offspring, and the vines around them. A butterfly flying in the sky also meant long life.

 

a herb of eternal youth : immortality. immortal life. auspicious. elixir. Qualitative. Hyosung. fresh. woman

The princess leads the three brothers into flower viewing.
Seon-gwan narrates all kinds of flowers, but in August Buyonggun Jaryong Mandanchuksu Hongyeonhwa Amyungbudongwolhyanghwa News all about Han Myunghwa, King Jinsi’s Giyusa is red Balsams Gujwa Emperor Moonjunghwa Sangmuntwelve Gyehwayo, Yoromsomsom Jadegap is the basic mourning Bongseonhwa Ehwa The Bulunmun that I touched is the pear flower of the Jangsingun, and the seventy commandments are preached, the Hyangmanchunong apricot flower The broadcast flower of the Confucius royal family is the peony flower, the rich and noble peony flower. Apocalypse Cherry Blossom Ehwagu Flower Seogyeong Hwangguk Baekguk October Geumgyeonghwanana, Sagwihwa Gold Peony Neungseom Hwa Birthday Flower Chugyera Hakki, Yeongsanhong Aecheolju Azalea Orchid Pacho, Jicho Gwangjinhyanghwa Species No. The flowers were in full bloom, and as I went to see the sagebrush, the living narcissus flowers were in full bloom.
– From [Princess Baridegi] by the saga

Bulrocho is an imaginary grass that contains human aspirations to enjoy long life. People who do not have to worry about making a living with Qin Shi Huang as a whale, or filial piety and filial piety who care for their sick parents, belong to the human type who wanders in search of this grass.
One of Korea’s representative discoverers of Bulocho is Princess Baridegi, the heroine of a western samurai family handed down nationwide.

Princess Baridegi, abandoned by her parents as a child because of her anger at giving birth to seven daughters, leaves without hesitation when her belatedly ill parents ask her Princess Bari to come to her for drugs without hesitation.
The things that Princess Bari obtains at the end of a thousand years of hardship (48p.4-1-2) are mainly drugs, but there are many contents about obtaining flowers that save people depending on the area of ​​tradition. The above text is a passage from Tongyeong Park Bok Gaebon, and the description of the flowers in the flower garden is the most detailed.

The second most well-known discoverer of Bulocho is Anak-guk, the son of Mrs.
In this fairy tale that blends religion and mythology, Euk-guk finds his father, who went to water the flower gardens of Imjeongsa, a country in the Pan-Maguk, and obtains five kinds of flowers to bring his mother back to life.

In addition, there is no direct reference to the herb, but if you think of it as a being that brings longevity and immortality, rather than as a proper noun, you can see that there are many stories related to wild ginseng and ginseng.
In order to obtain divine things that do not exist in the human world since ancient times, filial piety or suffering must be overcome.

Those who did not have very deep filial piety or had no opportunity to suffer much had to replace them with pictures or patterns of longevity, mainly representing longevity.
In folk religion and Taoism, the ten longevity refers to the ten objects that symbolize immortality.

The ancients drew pictures of these ten longevity and often put them on the door or on the wall of a room. This is called Sehwa.
It is meant to congratulate the new year and prevent bad luck. Aside from painting works including Sehwa, ten longevity including Bulocho appears in many Korean ceramics, lacquerware, embroidery, folding screen, and wood crafts, which means that the expression of longevity is deeply rooted in our lives.

 

bat : Happiness. fertility. congratulations. nocturnal. betrayal. opportunism

After that, there was a feast to celebrate the giraffe, and all the four-legged animals gathered, but only the bat did not come. The giraffe called the bat and scolded him. Then the bat
“I have wings like this, so what does that have to do with the feast of the four-legged beasts?”
He said and spread his wings.
– From 「Soonoji」 [Bat Pretext]

It is ironic that bats, which are not only ugly in appearance, but also have a gloomy personality that only live at night, are considered to be animals that symbolize happiness.
It is even more so if you listen closely to the reason. This is due to the similarity between the Chinese character for bat, the word for happiness, and the word for happiness.
If it were not for linguistic reasons, it might have become an animal symbolizing death or the devil, just like in the West.

However, the fertility of bats is recognized in both East and West, so bats are always depicted in the paintings of the goddess Artemis, who protects birth and growth in the West.
In Korea, a lot of bat patterns have been engraved on pillowcases since ancient times, which symbolizes fertility or birth.

Also, according to 「Astronomical Journal」, bats are described as representatives of weavers. As is well known, a weaver woman is a woman whose business is weaving.
Being the representative of the weaver woman, who symbolizes household life, such as weaving weaving and making clothes from it, means that the bat is responsible for the happiness of the family.
In addition, bats symbolize longevity, and Galhong’s 「Patcher」 says, “When a bat lives for a thousand years, it turns white. If you eat a white bat hanging upside down from a tree, you will live long.”

However, the negative image that comes to mind when you hear the word ‘bat’ is probably because of animal fables that are spread all over the world.
This story, which compares the ecology of bats, is handed down a lot through oral traditions and literature in Korea.

The plot of the story is that, as is well known, the bat makes excuses for cooking and cooks according to its own convenience and does not attend the feast of the phoenix and giraffe. is also added.
The pattern of bats is mainly engraved with two or five bats to symbolize the double and five good fortune, and when used for the sorigae worn by women, one (單作) or three (三作) were mainly used.

 

deer : Long live. eternal life. play. divineness. scepter. boeun. Rebirth. vitality. The prototype of anima (Western)

 

As a child, a fat-free sage (deer) leapt out,
“Uncle! Uncle!”
Gragden.
“Are you calling me cool?”
“Please save me a cup.”
“Hey man, how am I supposed to live with you?”
“Child, save me a cup. The catcher is just trying to get me to catch me. Whatever I do, save me.”
– 1979. 8. 1. From Gunnae-myeon, Jindo-gun, Jeollanam-do, Dunjeon-ri, Park Gil-jong (Male/58) Guyeon

[The Woodcutter and the Fairy] The fairy tale is one of the most widely distributed stories all over the world except Australia. In Korea, they are distributed all over the country under the names of [Fairy and the Woodcutter], [The Bachelor who became a Fairy and a Rooster], and [The Roe deer and the Woodcutter].

Here, the beast that comes out as a medium of the divine spirit and helps the woodcutter is the deer. In other words, in order for the mismatched couple of the fairy and the woodcutter to be born, the woodcutter must first acquire the divine token, and an incompetent woodcutter alone cannot acquire these sacred tokens.
However, the story becomes strange when the fairy unilaterally gives the woodcutter a mark. Therefore, the intervention of a matchmaker is necessary between the woodcutter and the fairy.

The deer has long been recognized as one of the ten longevity and a sacred animal. It also symbolizes regeneration and the earth.
Deer antlers fall off every spring and reappear, and the number of forked branches increases every year until they reach the age of 12. In other words, the horns grow again every year, symbolizing rebirth, and as a tree grows from the head, it is recognized as an animal of the natural earth.
If you look at the crown of Silla, you can often see deer antlers, which symbolize the power of the king and are said to have the meaning of wishing that the throne will last for a long time like a deer who is the tenth long-lived deer.

The ancient people’s thoughts on deer can also be seen in the fact that the horns of a dragon are compared to a deer, and the belief that a giraffe, a spiritual creature, has a body of a deer.
The figure of a deer appears as a staple in paintings, official clothes, and daily necessities, from artifacts from the Bronze Age and trilogy from the Iron Age.

The trilogy originated from the tradition of hunting since the Neolithic period, and in paintings, it mainly prays for longevity or appears along with the gods, creating an atmosphere of the prehistoric world.
Also, when used in official clothes, it means the salary of an official, and this is due to the similarity between the words ‘鹿 (deer-rok)’ for deer and ‘祿 (nok-bong-rok)’ for bon-rok.

 

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